Unveiling the uncommon: A dictionary of unique coding terms in SQL

Laptop on word SQL


In this article, we present a dictionary of uncommon coding terms in SQL, shedding light on their meanings and unravelling the fascinating world of SQL jargon.


While SQL may appear straightforward on the surface, it harbors a range of unique coding terms that can enhance your understanding of the language and make you a more proficient SQL developer. From specialized clauses to database concepts, expanding your SQL vocabulary can unlock new possibilities and enable you to tackle complex data challenges.

In this article, we present a dictionary of uncommon coding terms in SQL, shedding light on their meanings and unraveling the fascinating world of SQL jargon.


Joins are used in SQL to combine data from two or more tables based on related columns. Common join types include INNER JOIN, LEFT JOIN, RIGHT JOIN, and FULL OUTER JOIN. Joins allow you to retrieve data by establishing relationships between tables and retrieving information from multiple sources simultaneously.


A subquery, also known as a nested query or inner query, is a query embedded within another query. It allows you to retrieve data from one query and use it as input in another query. Subqueries can be used in various SQL statements, such as SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE, to perform complex operations or filter results based on specific conditions.


An index is a database structure that improves the speed of data retrieval operations on a table. It works like an index in a book, allowing you to quickly locate specific information. By creating an index on one or more columns, you can optimize query performance and reduce the time taken to fetch data.


A primary key is a unique identifier for each row in a table. It ensures that each record is uniquely identifiable and serves as a reference point for relating data across tables. Primary keys are typically created using a single column or a combination of columns, and they enforce data integrity and uniqueness within the table.


A foreign key is a column or set of columns in a table that refers to the primary key of another table. It establishes a relationship between two tables, enabling data integrity and enforcing referential integrity constraints. Foreign keys help maintain data consistency and facilitate the creation of meaningful associations between tables.


Normalization is a database design technique that minimizes data redundancy and dependency by organizing data into logical and efficient structures. It involves breaking down a large table into smaller, related tables and defining relationships between them. Normalization ensures data integrity, reduces anomalies, and improves database efficiency.


Views in SQL are virtual tables derived from the result of a query. They allow you to simplify complex queries, encapsulate logic, and provide a layer of abstraction over the underlying data. Views can be treated like regular tables, and they offer a convenient way to retrieve and manipulate data without directly accessing the underlying tables.


Stored procedures are precompiled and stored database routines that can be invoked using a specific name. They encapsulate a set of SQL statements and procedural logic, allowing you to execute complex operations on the database. Stored procedures enhance code reusability, improve performance, and provide a secure way to interact with the database.


Triggers are database objects that are automatically executed in response to specified events, such as INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE operations on a table. Triggers allow you to enforce data integrity constraints, perform auditing, or automate actions based on certain conditions. They provide a way to implement business rules and maintain data consistency within the database.

SQL’s uncommon coding terms add depth and versatility to the language, enabling you to handle complex data scenarios and optimize database operations. By familiarizing yourself with these terms, you can become a more proficient SQL developer, master advanced querying techniques, and design efficient database structures. Embrace joins for data integration, leverage subqueries for complex filtering, and harness indexes for query optimization. Expand your SQL vocabulary and immerse yourself in the world of SQL jargon, unlocking new possibilities and becoming a more effective data professional.


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